Learn the Basics of How to Wire Your Outdoor Shed in Seven Steps – Part 1
Wiring an outdoor shed is an important task to undertake, especially if you’re looking to make use of the power within the shed. Going about it the right way with plenty of research and safety in mind is key. That’s why part 1 of our guide on how to wire an outdoor shed will provide you with the foundation on which to build.
To start off, as with any DIY task, create a plan of action. Make sure it outlines the requirements you have of the power you will establishing in the outdoor shed. Decide which items will be powered, such as utilities or power tools, or if you’re just wanting to have light and a place to work on projects.
Once you have a clear idea of what the power needs of the shed are, a subpanel should be installed to enable you to connect numerous items. In order to accurately select a subpanel, you should consider the amperage of the items being used in the shed and then increase that by 50%. This will ensure the subpanel can accommodate the expected power load when in use.
Now that you have a plan of action and a subpanel, you need to check what local regulations you may need to comply with to meet the building codes when wiring your outdoor shed. The best option, for safety and accuracy, is running the wires underground, which will require you to dig a trench. Whilst digging the trench, it is important to remember to dig it to the full depth of the frost line and make it wide enough to fit the wires and conduit.
Before you start digging, it is also important to call utility companies to ensure that none of their cables or pipes are in the way of the planned excavation. Once these checks are done, you can spray a route in the yard with fluorescent paint to mark out the planned journey of the wires and begin to dig the trench.
That’s where we will leave it for now on wiring your outdoor shed. But our guide doesn’t and part 2 will help you with the important task of connecting the wires to the shed, safely and securely. Make sure you come back for the next part in our series.